Some instances of surplus killing have resulted in the deaths of 20 sheep in one attack. In April 1997, an experienced tracker named John McCarter found the mauled carcass of a beaver with scat nearby in the Quabbin Reservoir in Massachusetts. La masse du puma est comprise en moyenne entre 53 et 72 kg pour les mâles ; le plus gros individu connu faisait 120 kg[3]. [32][31][33][34] Cougar size is smallest close to the equator and larger towards the poles. Although cougars are elusive and usually avoid people, there are about four attacks and one fatality per year on humans in the United States and Canada. Game animals and shooting in North America. To initiate your FREE return please click MY ACCOUNT for registered users, otherwise click HERE (You’ll just need your Order Number, which you’ll find on your order & shipping confirmation emails from our customer service team.). [110] Research has shown cougar abundances from 0.5 animals to as much as 7 (in one study in South America) per 100 km2 (38 sq mi). En fait, le statut de cette population en tant que sous-espèce est incertain, et des migrations d'individus de l'ouest de la répartition sont possibles[38],[39]. The first confirmed sighting in a century was made on September 20, 2015, in Obion county in the north-western corner of West Tennessee. [88], In the southern portion of its range, the cougar and jaguar share overlapping territory. La version du 3 juin 2007 de cet article a été reconnue comme «, Importance dans les cultures précolombiennes, Les autres facteurs d'explication probables sont la disponibilité et la vulnérabilité des proies ainsi que les contraintes d'un. [162] The University of Pittsburgh campus has about 20 physical representations of panthers/cougars at different locations around the campus plus there are four such statues on the Panther Hollow Bridge over Panther Hollow. Females are somewhat shorter and average about 42 kg. C'est un animal qui nage bien mais il ne le fait qu'en cas de menace. On estime entre 4 000 et 6 000 le nombre de lions des montagnes en Californie où il est protégé par la loi, entre 4 500 et 5 000 au Colorado ; les couguars de Floride sont estimés à une cinquantaine et constituent la sous-espèce la plus menacée du continent américain. Sa taille varie de 60 à 76 cm au garrot[6],[3]. Beaucoup de ces félins meurent percutés par des automobiles ou des camions (voir roadkill). Vous pouvez me faire une petite donation par Paypal ou par carte, en cliquant sur le bouton “Faire un don”, ci-dessous. Le revers de l'oreille est noir. This may save the lives of humans, pets, and livestock as well as the lives of these large predatory mammals that are important to the balance of ecosystems. The term puma is also used in the United States. All orders placed on us.puma.com that ship within the 50 U.S. states are eligible for free standard shipping when you spend $35 or more (pre-tax). [131] Preceding attacks on humans, cougars display aberrant behavior, such as activity during daylight hours, a lack of fear of humans, and stalking humans. Le dessous du corps est plus clair, allant de la couleur crème au blanc[2]. Les pumas peuvent se reproduire toute l'année, toutefois, on observe souvent un pic de naissances durant la saison chaude (d'avril à septembre en Amérique du Nord)[15]. Le jeune reste dans un rayon de 300 m à proximité durant 13 à 19 jours et explore ensuite son nouvel environnement dans la direction opposée à celle prise par la mère. Le puma fait partie des félins pouvant attaquer l'être humain. Un logiciel spécial a identifié 208 sites vers lesquels ces couguars retournaient plusieurs fois de suite durant plusieurs jours (ce qui est un indice fort qu'ils avaient attaqué une proie dans ce secteur)[42]. ... Bébé de puma âgé de quelques jours. [44] A leucistic individual was seen in Serra dos Órgãos National Park in Rio de Janeiro in 2013 when it was recorded by way of a camera trap, indicating that extremely rare, pure white individual cougars do exist in the species. Il est un modèle de persévérance et de détermination, car il attend patiemment le passage d'une proie du haut d'un arbre ou d'un rocher. Since 1950 pumas have been eliminated from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Hold your camera up to a PUMA product and scan the barcode. Le puma peut être apprivoisé. [164], "Mountain lion" redirects here. The project aims at raising awareness of local people about the status and ecological role of the cougar, and mitigating conflict between landowners and cougars. To the Apache and Walapai of Arizona, the wail of the cougar was a harbinger of death. [104] In the United States, very large ranges have been reported in Texas and the Black Hills of the northern Great Plains, in excess of 775 km2 (300 sq mi). Le puma (Puma concolor), également appelé lion de montagne, ou cougar, est un mammifère carnivore qui appartient à la famille des félidés.C'est un animal solitaire qui vit en Amérique du Nord et du … [66] Washington state was the site of a fatal attack in 2018, its first since 1924. nécessaire]. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Puma concolor – Mountain Lion – Discover Life", "Jaguar Attack on a Child: Case Report and Literature Review", "Food habits of jaguars and pumas in Jalisco, Mexico", "Hyoid apparatus and pharynx in the lion (, "Quantifying the influence of topographic position on cougar (, "Your part in helping endangered species", "Photo shows cougar presence in Michigan", "Cedar Rapids man shoots mountain lion in Iowa County", "Sightings show cougars expanding into central US", "Mountain Lion Confirmed in Rural Greene County", "Mountain lion reportedly spotted roaming Connecticut town", "Mountain Lion killed by car on Connecticut highway", "Jury's still out, but Pike County cougar sighting could be state's third in two months", "First cougar seen in Kentucky since Civil War is killed", Investigación midió por primera vez población de pumas en zona central, "Are there Mountain Lions in Massachusetts? [8][9][10][11] La gestation d'un puma est d'une durée de trois mois seulement, et celui-ci atteint une taille pouvant aller de 50 à 80cm une fois arrivé à l'âge adulte, explique le Parc zoologique. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. https://www.britannica.com/animal/puma-mammal-species, Natural Science Research Laboratory - The Mammals of Texas - Mountain Lion, Texas Parks and WildLife Department - Mountain Lion, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - North American Mammals - Puma concolor, USDA - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Cougar, San Diego Zoo Animals and Plants - Mountain Lion, Puma - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), puma - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Spotted and born blind, each weighs about half a kilogram. ", 10.2981/0909-6396(2006)12[201:UOOEAF]2.0.CO;2, "Models of regional habitat quality and connectivity for pumas (, "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment", 10.2193/0022-541X(2006)70[1:ITUOSI]2.0.CO;2, "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "Wild Cats. Ils peuvent ainsi s'attaquer à des animaux beaucoup plus gros qu'eux. La mortalité causée par la chasse sportive peut être particulièrement élevée pour les mâles adultes et subadultes[15]. There have been unconfirmed sightings in Elliotsville Plantation, Maine (north of Monson) and as early as 1997 in New Hampshire. [82] One researcher in Oregon noted: "When there is a pack around, cougars are not comfortable around their kills or raising kittens [...] A lot of times a big cougar will kill a wolf, but the pack phenomenon changes the table. [129] Children are at greatest risk of attack, and least likely to survive an encounter. À cause de l'urbanisation, les pumas se retrouvent de plus en plus fréquemment en contact avec les humains, surtout dans les zones riches en cerfs, leur proie naturelle. The animal is believed to have originated from the Black Hills of South Dakota. Le puma a alternativement fait partie du genre Felis puis Puma[52]. Six days later, and about 56 km (35 mi) to the southeast, a hair sample was found in Carroll County. In Texas, the cougar is considered as nuisance wildlife and any person holding a hunting or a trapping permit can kill a cougar regardless of the season, number killed, sex or age of the animal. Despite prohibitory signs, coatis are hand-fed by tourists in the park, causing unnatural approximation between cougars and humans. In this area the coatí is the puma's chief prey. [106] Hunting or relocation of the cougar may increase aggressive encounters by disrupting territories and bringing young, transient animals into conflict with established individuals.

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